Black Eye Galaxy -M64



From Wikipedia:

“The Black Eye Galaxy (also called Evil Eye Galaxy; designated Messier 64, M64, or NGC 4826) was discovered by Edward Pigott in March 1779, and independently by Johann Elert Bode in April of the same year, as well as by Charles Messier in 1780. It has a spectacular dark band of absorbing dust in front of the galaxy’s bright nucleus, giving rise to its nicknames of the “Black Eye” or “Evil Eye” galaxy. M64 is well known among amateur astronomers because of its appearance in small telescopes. It is a spiral galaxy in the Coma Berenices constellation.”

This was taken through the Celestron EdgeHD 11 inch telescope.  A total of 138 images were stacked for a total imaging time of 7.5 hours

Messier 81 & 82


From Wikipedia:

“Messier 81 (also known as NGC 3031 or Bode’s Galaxy) is a spiral galaxy about 12 million light-years away in the constellation Ursa Major. Due to its proximity to Earth, large size and active galactic nucleus (which harbors a supermassive black hole), Messier 81 has been studied extensively by professional astronomers. The galaxy’s large size and relatively high brightness also make it a popular target for amateur astronomers.”

“Messier 82 (also known as NGC 3034, Cigar Galaxy or M82) is a starburst galaxy about 12 million light-years away in the constellation Ursa Major and a member of the M81 Group. It is about five times more luminous than the whole Milky Way and has a center one hundred times more luminous than our galaxy’s center.  The starburst activity is thought to have been triggered by interaction with neighboring galaxy M81. As the closest starburst galaxy to our own, M82 is the prototypical example of this galaxy type.  SN 2014J, a type Ia supernova, was observed in the galaxy on 21 January 2014,[7][8][9] (see below). In 2014, in studying M82, scientists discovered the brightest pulsar yet known, designated M82 X-2.”

This is a composite of 88 LRGB images taken with the Takahashi FSQ106EDXIII located in Rowe, NM.  I stacked and processed the images in Maxim DL, Pixinsight, and Photoshop.  The total imaging time was 14.4 hours.


Andromeda – M31

Andromeda is a spiral galaxy that is 2.5 million light years distant and 220,000 light years across. It is the nearest major galaxy to the Milky Way. Be forewarned, our Milky Way and Andromeda are expected to collide in 3.75 billion years.

“Outside the zodiacal group of constellations, and with the possible exception of Orion, Andromeda may be one of the most exploited names in the night sky. It has been the motif of a television series, the subject of fiction, poetry and song, christened various sailing vessels, and designated as a deadly extraterrestrial microorganism (The Andromeda Strain). The Andromeda Galaxy, too, has been both a home and a destination in numerous works of science fiction. The name has an exotic other worldly ring, its four syllables fairly rolling off the tongue like a mystical mantra.”

“Annals of the Deep Sky” by Jeff Kanipe & Dennis Webb

The image was taken through a Takahashi 4 inch refractor.  It is comprised of 100 stacked 15 minute LRGB exposures (25 hours).